Diet (nutrition)

Diet (nutrition) (3)

Lead author Dr. Nita Forouhi, of the Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom, and colleagues report their findings in the journal BMC Medicine.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels, including stroke, heart attack, and heart disease.

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women in the United States, killing around 610,000 people annually. Heart attack affects around 735,000 Americans each year, while around 800,000 people are affected by stroke.

Adopting a healthy diet is considered key for reducing the risk of CVD, and numerous studies have suggested the Mediterranean diet fits the bill.

A study published in the European Heart Journal earlier this year, for example, found older adults who adhered to the Mediterranean diet were at lower risk of heart attack, stroke, and cardiovascular death than those who followed a Western diet.

The Mediterranean diet is typically high in plant-based foods - such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and nuts - and low in red meats and unhealthy fats. It also incorporates regular consumption of fish and poultry, and red wine is acceptable in moderation.

For their study, Dr. Forouhi and team set out to investigate how adhering to a Mediterranean diet affects the risk of developing CVD, as well as what proportion of CVD cases and deaths might be prevented in the U.K. as a result of adherence to the diet.

CVD risk up to 16 percent lower with the Mediterranean diet
The team analyzed data from 23,902 healthy adults who were a part of the EPIC-Norfolk Study - a multi-center cohort study of more than 30,000 British adults that mainly looks at the link between diet, lifestyle, and cancer.

As part of the study, participants completed food frequency questionnaires, which the researchers analyzed to determine adherence to the Mediterranean diet. They did so using a 15-point score based on guidelines from the Mediterranean Diet Foundation.

Over an average follow-up period of 12-17 years, the researchers identified 7,606 new cases of CVD among the participants, as well as 1,714 CVD deaths.

Compared with participants with low adherence to the Mediterranean diet, the researchers found that subjects with higher adherence to the diet were 6-16 percent less likely to develop CVD.

Applying their results to the U.K. population, the team estimated that if healthy Britons adhered to the Mediterranean diet, around 3.9 percent of new-onset CVD cases and 12.5 percent of CVD deaths could be prevented.

"If our findings are broadly representative of the overall U.K. population, then we can assume that higher level of adherence to the Mediterranean diet could have significant impact in lowering the cardiovascular disease burden in the U.K.," notes Dr. Forouhi.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by poor attention, impulsive behavior, and hyperactivity.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), as of 2011, approximately 11 percent of children aged between 4 and 17 in the United States have received a diagnosis of ADHD, making it one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders in childhood.

Although the precise causes of ADHD are unclear, previous research has suggested that a poor diet may play a role. Some studies have also indicated that healthful diets could help to prevent or treat ADHD, though other research has challenged this theory.

For the new study, team leader María Izquierdo Pulido, of the Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences of the University of Barcelona in Spain, and colleagues investigated whether a Mediterranean diet might be associated with lower ADHD diagnosis.

"To our knowledge, there are no studies that examined the potential relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and ADHD," the authors note.

ADHD diagnosis likelier with low adherence to Mediterranean diet

The Mediterranean diet is typically high in fruits, vegetables, fish, whole grains, nuts, and legumes, and low in red meats, eggs, dairy products, and sweets.

A Mediterranean diet is considered by many as the optimal diet for good health, with studies linking this eating pattern to reduced risk of heart diseaseAlzheimer's disease, and some types of cancer.

To determine whether this diet may be effective against ADHD, Pulido and team analyzed the data of 60 children and adolescents aged between 6 and 16 who had been diagnosed with ADHD. These children were matched by age and sex to 60 children without ADHD.

The dietary patterns of the two groups were assessed using food frequency questionnaires, and the team used the KIDMED test to calculate the children's adherence to a Mediterranean diet.

Compared with children who had high adherence to a Mediterranean diet, those with a low adherence were more likely to have received a diagnosis of ADHD, the researchers report.

Furthermore, the team identified a higher prevalence of ADHD among children who consumed high amounts of candy and sugary drinks, but low amounts of fatty fish.

While the researchers say that their study cannot conclude that a Mediterranean diet protects against ADHD, they say that their findings do indicate that poor dietary patterns may be linked to the disorder.

Friday, 30 December 2016 17:40

The Top 10 Fat Burning Foods List

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  1. Green Tea
    Make green tea your drink of choice to quench that thirst, satisfy your minimum daily fluid intake while at the same time burning those calories. Green tea contains the anti-oxidant EGCG which works to burn calories throughout the whole day.

    Also keep in mind the added benefit of green tea replacing those drinks laden with sugars and the host of other health benefits such as the anti cancer and cholesterol maintenance properties.
  2. Whole grain bread
    The fibre content of wholegrain bread is high along with the nutritional benefits of the seeds within. Wholegrain toast makes for a satisfying and low GI breakfast and wholegrain bread is excellent for sandwiches or as the side carbohydrate for a meal like soup.

    Important to note is that brown bread does not mean whole grain. Some brown bread can contain colourings to achieve its brown appearance.
  3. Salmon
    It is packed with good fats which are conducive to weight loss. It is super easy to prepare and a cost effective, satisfying meal with a plate of vegetables and brown rice for example. A steak of salmon can be covered in a bowl and cooked in the microwave for 2-3 minutes. Try the condiment Chermoula if you can get your hands on it. Delicious!
  4. Garlic and Onions
    Yes we know, garlic and onions are two foods not one. We will bunch them together because of their ease of use and common combination and addition to foods. 
    Minerals and oils inside garlic and onions help to break down fat and increase the metabolism. 

    Onions and/or garlic can be utilized in every meal. 
  5. Broccoli
    If you can appreciate the green flavour of broccoli you have yourself a low calorie, zero fat vegetable that can accompany any meal. Broccoli boasts a great deal of fibre and a host of other health benefits in your daily diet. It is a great accompaniment in almost any meal and filling.
  6. Berries
    Berries are high in nutrients including antioxidants. When you buy them frozen their freshness is locked in and they can be kept for some time and used in a variety of ways. In summer thaw a few berries in your mouth. Just like ice cubes, only tastier. Add them to your oatmeal, cereal, low fat ice cream or yoghurt.
  7. Lean Chicken
    Versatile, tasty, filling and high in protein. Chicken can be used in a variety of dishes for lunch and dinner.
  8. Yoghurt
    It is high in protein, great as a part of breakfast, dessert and a tasty snack. Low fat yoghurt is a great way to get your daily dose of dairy and can be transformed into a delicious meal with the addition of fruits or cereal.
  9. Brown Rice
    Once you go brown you’ll never want to go back to white. It has substance and is covered in fibre. The nutty taste and texture of brown rice goes beautifully with your meats (such as lean chicken) and vegetables and is very filling.

    Be sure to drink plenty of water when you have something as fibre rich in your diet as brown rice. 

10. Oranges
Not just rich in Fibre, the high vitamin C content of oranges is conducive to fat burning. Vitamin C promotes the production of Carnitine in the body which oxidizes fatty acids (breaks them down/burns fat).

Preferably eat your oranges fresh rather then in supplement form or juice. The fruit is highest in fiber and a filling and sweet satisfying end to meals.