Nutrition (2)

Friday, 30 December 2016 17:54

Hold Campgain My Doctor Pharmacist

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What is the difference between a cold and flu?

Symptoms of flu

People with flu normally feel very unwell for two or three days, and will continue to experience symptoms for around another five days. After that, you may feel tired and run down for a further two or three weeks.

The most common symptoms of flu are:

•  a sudden fever (above 38°C or 100.4°F)

•  headache

•  chills

•  runny or stuffy nose

•  tiredness

•  aching muscles

•  dry cough

•  sore throat

Symptoms of a cold

Symptoms of a cold can include:

•  runny or blocked nose

•  sneezing

•  sore throat

•  cough


Treating flu

Most people recover effectively from flu by resting at home, although you should see your GP if you:

•  are aged 65 or over

•  are pregnant

•  have heart disease, diabetes, asthma, lung disease or another long-term medical condition

•  have a weakened immune system

•  have a very high fever, together with abdominal or chest pain or an unusually severe headache

If none of these apply to you, your body should recover from flu of its own accord. You should get lots of rest, stay warm, and drink plenty of water. You can treat the symptoms of flu by taking:

•  paracetamol to lower your fever

•  ibuprofen for muscle aches

•  cough syrup if you have a cough

•  a decongestant if you have a blocked nose

Treating a cold

Resting and taking care of yourself are usually enough to cure a cold. You should:

•  drink plenty of fluids

•  rest your body

•  eat healthily

You can treat the symptoms of a cold to help you feel better, but this will not make you recover sooner.

You could:

•  take cough syrup or throat lozenges

•  take painkillers such as ibuprofen, paracetamol or aspirin

•  gargle salt water, which may help ease a sore throat and nasal congestion

•  take decongestants to help with a blocked nose. These can either be taken orally or as a spray in your nose.

Friday, 30 December 2016 17:40

White bread

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most people know that white bread is a diet don’t: One of the easiest swaps you can make for a major health boost is ditching refined flour in favor of whole wheat. But it’s not just that loaf of Wonder Bread that you need to watch out for. The basket of rolls delivered to the table when dining out, the French baguette you grab on your way home to accompany dinner, your Saturday-morning bagel ritual, and Friday pizza night all come with a side of less-than-desirable health risks. Here are five unpleasant reasons to nix the bread basket:

Little nutritional value. Yes, food is delicious, but at the end of the day we are eating for one reason: to nourish our bodies. And white bread made with refined flour fails to accomplish this goal. “When a grain is refined, such as in the making of flour for white bread, the outermost and innermost layers of the grain are removed. This removes the fiber and some (25 percent) protein, leaving behind the starch,” says Erin Palinski-Wade, RD, author of Belly Fat Diet For Dummies. You may see "enriched flour" on the label. While this flour has had some nutrients like B vitamins and iron added back in after the refining process, it’s still lower in fiber and protein than whole-wheat flour. Opting for whole-grain varieties carries with it a dose of healthy fiber and more protein, adding a nutritional boost to meals.

Erratic blood-sugar levels. “Since it's low in the fiber and protein that helps to slow digestion, white bread is digested and absorbed rapidly. This leads to blood sugar's rising quickly,” says Palinski-Wade. This spike — and subsequent crash — in blood sugar not only leads to irritability, but will leave you headed to the vending machine for a pick-me-up.

Increased risk of type-2 diabetes. “When blood sugar elevates rapidly, excess insulin is released into the bloodstream to push the sugar into the cell,” says Palinski-Wade. “When this occurs on a regular basis, cells become more insulin resistant, making it harder over time to control blood-glucose (sugar) levels. Research published in 2010 in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition supports this, finding that people who consumed several servings of whole grains per day — and limited intake of refined grains — had less of a type of fat that increases risk of type 2 diabetes.

Weight gain. After eating refined carbohydrates like white bread, the surplus of sugar in your bloodstream — unless immediately utilized for activity — tends to be stored as fat in the body. Plus, the blood-sugar crash will leave you hungry soon after ingesting, so you'll be reaching for another snack. “Rapid digestion can increase hunger and cravings, leading to a lack of satiety after eating, which may result in increased caloric intake at the end of the day,” says Palinski-Wade.

Symptoms of depression. It may taste good going down, but that white bread can negatively affect your mood. New research published in the June 2015 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found a link between the consumption of refined carbohydrates — like white bread — and depression in post-menopausal women. The same hormonal response that causes blood-sugar levels to drop can also cause mood swings, fatigue, and other symptoms of depression.

Black bread calorie

Brown Bread Calories and Nutrition per Serving (1 Serving=1 Med Slice/34g)

Calories 74
Protein 2.9
Carbohydrate 15.1
Fat 0.7
Fibre 1.2
Alcohol 0