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What is the difference between a cold and flu?

Symptoms of flu

People with flu normally feel very unwell for two or three days, and will continue to experience symptoms for around another five days. After that, you may feel tired and run down for a further two or three weeks.

The most common symptoms of flu are:

•  a sudden fever (above 38°C or 100.4°F)

•  headache

•  chills

•  runny or stuffy nose

•  tiredness

•  aching muscles

•  dry cough

•  sore throat

Symptoms of a cold

Symptoms of a cold can include:

•  runny or blocked nose

•  sneezing

•  sore throat

•  cough

Treatments

Treating flu

Most people recover effectively from flu by resting at home, although you should see your GP if you:

•  are aged 65 or over

•  are pregnant

•  have heart disease, diabetes, asthma, lung disease or another long-term medical condition

•  have a weakened immune system

•  have a very high fever, together with abdominal or chest pain or an unusually severe headache

If none of these apply to you, your body should recover from flu of its own accord. You should get lots of rest, stay warm, and drink plenty of water. You can treat the symptoms of flu by taking:

•  paracetamol to lower your fever

•  ibuprofen for muscle aches

•  cough syrup if you have a cough

•  a decongestant if you have a blocked nose

Treating a cold

Resting and taking care of yourself are usually enough to cure a cold. You should:

•  drink plenty of fluids

•  rest your body

•  eat healthily

You can treat the symptoms of a cold to help you feel better, but this will not make you recover sooner.

You could:

•  take cough syrup or throat lozenges

•  take painkillers such as ibuprofen, paracetamol or aspirin

•  gargle salt water, which may help ease a sore throat and nasal congestion

•  take decongestants to help with a blocked nose. These can either be taken orally or as a spray in your nose.

Read 115 times Last modified on Friday, 03 February 2017 22:57
Dr. Mariyet Zahedi Nik

I completed studies in two universities with two different majors at the same time(commercial management and software engineering). Then turned to my great love, medicine, by studying social working and nursing in Iran. After that I  immigrated to Austria and studied medical Informatics and Pharmacy in German in Vienna University .In 2011 and 2012 I was awarded as an Outstanding Student from” The students living abroad.” Due to some problems I had to stay and live in Iran for some years.  Having been here in Tehran only 3years, I am now finishing my education in Pharmacy in Shahidbeheshti University.

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