Friday, 03 February 2017 16:58


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ü Hypertension

ü Age (older than 55 years for men, 65 years for women)

ü Diabetes mellitus

ü Elevated LDL (or total) cholesterol, or low HDL cholesterol

ü Estimated GFR <60 mL/min

ü Family history of premature CVD (men <55 years of age or

ü women <65 years of age)

ü Microalbuminuria

ü Obesity (BMI >30 kg/m2)

ü Physical inactivity

ü Tobacco usage, particularly cigarettes

ü High salt intake

ü Homocysteinaemia

ü Alcohol > 4 pints of beer / day

Smoking and hypertension

  1. The blood pressure rises transiently after each cigarette
  2. Measure BP at least 30 min after the last smoking
  3. The transient rise in blood pressure may be most prominent with the first cigarette of the day even in habitual smokers.

●Habitual smokers generally have lower blood pressures than nonsmokers due to:

  1. Decreased body weight

A vasodilator effect of cotinine, the major metabolite of nicotine

Read 386 times Last modified on Friday, 03 February 2017 15:08
Dr. Mariyet Zahedi Nik

I completed studies in two universities with two different majors at the same time(commercial management and software engineering). Then turned to my great love, medicine, by studying social working and nursing in Iran. After that I  immigrated to Austria and studied medical Informatics and Pharmacy in German in Vienna University .In 2011 and 2012 I was awarded as an Outstanding Student from” The students living abroad.” Due to some problems I had to stay and live in Iran for some years.  Having been here in Tehran only 3years, I am now finishing my education in Pharmacy in Shahidbeheshti University.